Do You Know Your Tanning Skin Type?
Tanning works differently for different skin types. These differences can be
considerable, are hereditary and cannot be changed by outside influences.
People with very sensitive skin (skin type I and II) will burn easily and will
tan only with difficulty. People with darker skin (skin type III and IV) have
minimal problems with sunburn and will tan easily. Your skin type is determined
by your own skins' natural ability to produce melanin (pigmentation).
The "Fitzpatrick scale" is used by tanning salons for classifying the 6 skin
types, based on the skin's reaction to the first 10 to 45 minutes of sun
exposure after the winter season:
Skin Type Sun Burning and Tanning History
Always Burns Easily;
People With Fair Skin, Blue Eyes, Freckles
Always Burns Easily;
People With Fair Skin, Red Or Blond Hair, Blue,Hazel Or Even Eyes
Always Tans Well
People With White Or Light Brown Skin, Dark Brown Hair, Dark Eyes
(East Indians Or Hispanics)
African And American Blacks
NH Tanning Regulations - Is Your Salon Compliant?
The New Hampshire State Legislature passed House Bill 729, which became
effective January 2005. The bill requires the Board of Barbering, Cosmetology,
and Esthetics to regulate tanning facilities. The New Hampshire statute, RSA
313-A:1, 26-34, are laws specific to the operation of tanning facilities.
Effect On Tanning Salons...
Businesses that offer tanning services must be registered with the Board as a
tanning facility. All operators of tanning equipment must be at least 18 years
old and must be individually trained and certified by a Board-approved program
313-A:30 pertains to operational requirements as follows:
I. Operators shall have sufficient knowledge in the operation of the tanning
devices, including but not limited to:
• Requirements of this section and of 21 CFR 1040.20
• Proper use of U.S.F.D.A. Recommended Exposure Schedule
• Procedures for correct operation of the tanning facility/device
• Recognition of injuries and the facility's procedures for handling such
injuries from overexposure to ultraviolet radiation
• Manufacturer's procedures for operation and maintenance of the tanning device
• Proper use of protective eyewear
• Emergency procedures in case of injury
• Effects of UV radiation, acute and chronic exposure, biological effects and
• Photosensitizing agents
• Recognition of the 6 skin types and the Fitzpatrick Scale.
II. Operators shall be trained in all of the areas listed in paragraph I.
Training shall be received through curricula and programs approved by the
board. A tanning facility shall maintain a list of the facility's operators who
have been trained in accordance with this section. Such list shall include the
date of the training and shall be available for inspection by the board.
III. Operators shall obtain proof of age from each tanning device user pursuant
to RSA 313-A:31, I.
IV. Operators shall read aloud and shall provide each tanning device user with a
written consent statement containing the wording listed below and the
Fitzpatrick Scale. In the event that the user is under the age of 18, this
wording shall be read to the user's parent or guardian. Operators shall obtain
the signature of the user or parent or guardian on the written consent prior to
the initial exposure to the tanning device. The consumer consent form shall
include the following wording in at least size 12 font:
"DANGER - ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
Follow instructions. Avoid overexposure. As with natural sunlight, overexposure
can cause eye and skin injury and allergic reactions. Repeated exposure may
cause premature aging of the skin and skin cancer. Wear protective eyewear.
Failure to use protective eyewear may result in severe burns or long-term
injury to the eyes. Medication or cosmetics may increase your sensitivity to
the ultraviolet radiation. Consult a physician before using sun lamp or tanning
equipment if you are using medications or have a history of skin problems or
believe yourself to be especially sensitive to sunlight."
V. Upon notification by a consumer of a complaint or an alleged tanning injury,
a registrant shall provide information to the consumer about how complaints may
be filed with the board.
VI. The tanning facility registrant shall maintain a record for each individual
tanning device user which shall include dates exposed, length of exposure and
signed consent form. Records shall be maintained for a minimum of 3 years or 3
years past the age of majority of the client.
Effect On Tanning Clients...
313-A:31 pertains to tanning of minors:
I. No person under the age of 18 shall be allowed to utilize a tanning device at
a tanning facility without the written consent of that person's parent or legal
guardian and without an operator present. Proof of age shall be satisfied with
a driver's license or other government issued identification containing date of
birth and a photograph of the individual. This consent requirement shall be
satisfied only if the parent or legal guardian is physically present at the
time of the initial use of the tanning device, and the responsible adult signs
a document declaring that he or she is the parent or legal guardian of the
minor and attesting to the age of the minor. The consent of the parent or legal
guardian shall be valid for 12 subsequent uses of the tanning device by the
II. No minors under the age of 14 shall be allowed to utilize a tanning device
at a tanning facility without a written order from a physician licensed under
RSA 329. Persons using a tanning facility under the provisions of this
paragraph shall be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian for every use of
the tanning facility.
To access the complete list of administrative laws derived from House Bill 729
info from Suntanning Association For Education (SAE) and NH tanning salon